What is visual storytelling?

And why marketers should care

What is Visual Storytelling?

What is Visual Storytelling? 1024 575 Shlomi Ron


I am talking to a lot of folks these days about visual storytelling, and from these interactions, I learn that there is still a great deal of ambiguity about what is visual storytelling and why it’s important now for marketers? If you’re clueless too, don’t feel bad, some of the top dictionaries like Merriam-Webster and Oxford have no clue either:

Merriam-Webster:

Words fail us
Sorry, the word you’re looking for can’t be found in the dictionary.

Oxford:

No exact match found for “”visual storytelling”” in US English

When I figured, hey maybe these are old fashioned resources, let’s try Wikipedia, I received:

Visual narrative

A visual narrative (also visual storytelling) is a story told primarily through the use of visual media. The story may be told using still photography, illustration, or video, and can be enhanced with graphics, music, voice and other audio.

Getting warmer! The reality is that the term “Visual Storytelling” is pretty new. Looking at Google Trends, for the past 12 years the term garnered low counts of under 100 searches a month, and it’s only in the past 3 years that the term is experiencing a growth, albeit still modest.

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Looking closer at these searches, we find that the term “Visual Storytelling” is largely associated with topics covering the visual arts targeting artists/designers: photography, media, illustration, and infographics.

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Even though the traditional meaning of visual storytelling has been with us since the first man figured hey, I could create a stencil by blowing paint on my hand held to the wall to express how my day went. Sweet!

caveSulawesi Cave in Indonesia is the world’s first cave paintings 35,000 years ago.
BTW Text was invented only 32,00 years later!

After which, came the animal hunt stories – all the way to today’s visual arts such as photography, picture books, comics, video games, Instagram, Snapchat, Hollywood 3D movies, and Virtual Reality.

In line with the term direct affinity with the entertainment industry, when I searched for “Visual Storytelling” definition the first result Google offered in their high-attention summary snippet was from EICAR – The International Film & Television School Paris:

search term

It seems quite obvious that the term “visual storytelling” is quite new for both visual arts and more so in the context of marketing, so users have no reason to search for it just yet – think “content marketing” circa 2005. However, switching our camera lens to the marketing space today, we find that marketers have realized that the benefits that rode visual storytelling in the entertainment space to new heights, also make a lot of sense when driving business impact with jaded audiences, overwhelmed by tons of copycats content plays.

Why visual storytelling?

So if you’re wondering as a business leader why should I care about visual storytelling. Then the above visual should be an eye-opener. The communications landscape today is strongly marked by 2 opposing forces:

1) Content explosion: a dramatic and continual increase in content production,
> “4.6 billion pieces of content are produced every day” – LinkedIn

and content consumption is further enabled by greater broadband and mobile access
> 70% of the world mobile data traffic will be video by 2020” – Cisco

VERSUS

2) Decreased user attention span: a marked and well-documented downshift in focus
> The average human attention span is down to 8 seconds -Microsoft

We recognize 2 core drivers that support effective visual storytelling:

1. Our human brain processes visuals much faster than text
> “Visuals are processed 60,000 times faster than text by the human brain and 90% of information transmitted to the brain is visual” -3M

2.  The human brain prefers information packaged as stories
> “92% of consumers want brands to make their ads feel like stories. -OneSpot

So what is the definition of visual storytelling
in the context of marketing?

Visual Storytelling is a marketing strategy that leverages compelling narratives, placing your customer at the heart of the story, staged with an emotional visual media experience and effectively distributed across your buyer’s journey – in order to empower customers’ lives and drive business results.”

– Shlomi Ron
CEO, Visual Storytelling Institute

That means that in order to cut through the clutter and resonate with your audience, as a visual storyteller you need to put your customer as the hero of your story, addressing first her needs – not yours. Why? As Rolf Jensen of the Copenhagen Institute of Future Studies aptly states: “the task of marketers today is no longer to sell the drill, nor hole in the wall, but to sell the experience of making that hole or the lifestyle the hole enables us to.” He added that we’re entering the emotion-oriented “dream society” where customers take for granted the functionality of products and make purchase decisions based upon to what degree they believe a product will give them positive experiences (source: Storytelling Advertising – a Visual Marketing Analysis by Sarah Elise Väre).

Experience is key.

And companies that sell experiences, rather than product/service functions are poised to be rewarded with audience attention. A great example is Apple. Some of us own old iPhone devices that work perfectly fine, but regardless we gotta have the new iPhone model, even with its marginal upgrade benefits. It’s that unique experience that the Apple story enables.

If you check Wikipedia under Storytelling, there is a whole section devoted to storytelling in business and marketing. Marketers use storytelling techniques because humans have an ingrained need to be entertained than being interrupted by irrelevant sales pitches.

With all the hype surrounding virtual reality (VR) these days, visual storytellers need to mentally put on VR goggles and see the world through their customer’s eyes. It’s about introducing authentic narrative elements to illustrate a meaningful challenge your customer (aka your story’s hero) is facing and how you – as the brand marketer (aka your story’s mentor) – can help them solve it with outcomes impacting both the business and personal levels.

Also, it’s important to keep in mind, that even though the word ‘visual’ comes first in Visual Storytelling, in practice it should always come second. That’s why I launched the Visual Storytelling Institute (VSI) where we use our signature “My Visual Story” framework in our client workshops and production projects, with the following sequence:

Phase 1: STORY MAKING

Extract your brand’s backstory and purpose, top buyer personas, and goals (Setting), identify your buyers’ core challenges and emotional and meaning maps (Conflict) and finally craft your solution features, brand experience and advocacy mechanisms (Resolution).

Outcome: One-Liner Brand Narrative around your customer’s core problem to set the big WHY or core product purpose, and a resulting Functional Statement to set the WHAT & HOW.

 

Phase 2: STORY VISUALIZING

Find and dramatize real-life visual stories that function as proof points to your resulting Brand Narrative. Develop visual stories that could feature your customers, employees, vendors or other key characters in your business sphere (Script), produce your visual story using a specific visual media format based on your customer’s most used visual platform and your contextual needs (Create), and finally edit your visual story based on its native properties (EDIT).

Outcome: A visual story delivered as an explainer video, image, infographic, presentation all the way up to Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality experiences.

Phase 3: STORY TELLING

Set marketing objectives and SMART goals (Strategize), develop an engagement plan per your customer’s distinct information needs at each stage of the buyer’s journey, documenting activities in a Content Editorial Calendar (Engage) and finally, tracking, rinsing and optimizing performance (Optimize) – to drive optimal product adoption.

Outcome: Your visual content marketing strategy.

And in case you wondered if you are a STORY TELLER or STORY MAKER, then the answer is quite simple than you’d think.

The magic happens only when your business story carries a good dose of vulnerability or imperfection that allows your audience to see the human aspects of your narrative and this way develop trust and empathy towards your message (i.e., mirroring themselves in your story).

Why? Psychology researcher Uri Hasson has coined the phenomenon of Neural Coupling that allows us an audience to vicariously experience a storied event in our mind, while being exposed to it. That means, when we read stories packed with details of distinct feelings, colors or odors, the same region in our brain is activated as if we would smell that particular odor or experience that feeling in real life.

How does the discipline look like?

Visual Storytelling Ecosystem*Note: Behind each of the items listed above, there are complete sub-industries that offer either on-demand visual content management platforms or agency-side consulting.

In closing, my core message for you – the marketer – entering this new landscape is quite simple.

What is visual storytelling infographicSee it in action with Dove Real Beauty Sketches’  viral campaign

When both your super creative 11-year-old nephew and a digital manager at a Fortune 100 brand have access to the same communication tools and organic influence in the attention battlefield, then the battle will be decided by strategy and skill.  YOUR STORY!

And not just any stories, it’s those stories that will authentically mirror your audience problem, emotionally ignite their sense of identity and in the process will transform your story into THEIR STORY!

Need help wowing your audience
and moving them into action?

Schedule a FREE conversation to inquire about our Visual Storytelling production experiences: from explainer videos, presentations, branded entertaiment series and much more.

Shlomi Ron

Co-founder, CEO at Visual Storytelling Institute. After 20 years of well-rounded digital marketing experience, having worked both on the agency and client sides for Fortune 100/500 brands such as American Express, Nokia and IBM, Shlomi has co-founded the Visual Storytelling Institute (VSI) to help business leaders rise above the noise through the power of storytelling and the effectiveness of visual media. Follow Shlomi's visual stories on Instagram.

All stories by: Shlomi Ron